LOT 10   SALE 105

Lot Description
(1895 - 1971)

1926. Oil on canvans.
Signed  and dated lower right, maxy/1926.
49.5 x 57.7 cm


EUR 70.000-80.000

 Lot Notes
Max Herman Maxy was a painter, designer and editor who played a major role in Romanian Modernism. Together with Ilarie Voronca, Stephan Roll, Filip Brunea-Fox, Benjamin Fondane, Claude Sernet, and Ion Călugăru, Max Herman Maxy gave the modernist art movements (cubism, dadaism, futurism) the shape of Integralism. The therm (translated from Romanian Integralist) should not be confused with National Integralism ideology.

c.1930 to 1956, col. Horovitz,
1956   to 2003,   Mitrutz  collection,
2005 to present,  private collection,  Basel, Switzerland
Max Herman was born in Braila on 26 October 1895, in the family of carpenter Iancu Herman and his wife Eti. He studied in Bucharest under Camil Ressu and Iosif Iser in 1913-1915 and under Arthur Segal in 1922 at Berlin. It was Iosif Iser who suggested him “Maxy” pseudonym.He joined Novembergruppe in October 1922 and exhibited at Der Sturm on May 1923 together with: Alexey von Jawlensky, Arthur Segal, Cesar Domela, El Lissitzky, Erich Buchholz, Hans Richter, Hannah Hoch, Ivan Puni, Lazlo Peri, Lazlo Moholy-Nagy, Teo Van Doesburg, and Vilmos Huszar.
Returning in Bucharest he organized First International Contimporanul Exhibition with the participation of: Arthur Segal, Constantin Brancusi, Erich Buchholz, Hans Mattis-Teitsch, Hans Arp, Hans Richter, Karel Teige, Kurt Schwitters, Lajos Kassak, Marcel Iancu, Mieczysław Szczuka, Milița Petrașcu, Paul Klee, Victor Brauner, and Viking Eggeling.
The exhibition was followed by the second in 1930 held together with the Facla Group, honouring the visit of F.T. Marinetti in Romania, by the third in 1935 and by the fourth in 1936.
In January 1925, using the Bauhaus as a the model he organized Academia Artelor Decorative (The Academy for Applied Arts).
In May 1929 at Exposicion Internacional held in Barcelona, Max Herman Maxy was awarded with gold medal for his decorative work “Tea Set”.
In May 1930 M.H.Maxy exhibited at the Gemeente Museum voor Moderne Kunst, The Hague and in June at Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.
In July 1930 M.H.Maxy exhibited at Galerie Giroux, Bruxelles.

With the invitation of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, in December 1933, Max Herman Maxy exhibited at Futurist Art Exhibition, held in Rome. M.H.Maxy exhibited at Romanian Pavilion, Exposition Universale, on September 1937. After World War II he exhibited at Prague in 1956 and at Budapest in 1959. He died in 1971 in Bucharest.
Regarding the present lot, a year before Max Herman Maxy painted the Three Musicians, he designed the costumes and the scenes for the play
Der Zinger Fun Zayn Troyer by Ossip Dimov (Joseph Perlman) and for Saul by André Gide. Both were played at the Teatrul Central and directed by I. M. Daniel. In the 1926 Max Herman Maxy designed the costumes  and/or the scenes for:

1. L'Uomo, La Bestia e La Virtù by Luigi Pirandello, directed by Henry Tarlo  ( costumes and scenes),
2. Got fun Nekomeh by Sholem Asch, directed by Sandu Eliad (scenes),
3. Manechinul Sentimental by Ion Minulescu, directed by Paul Gusty (costumes and scenes),
4. Thought by Leonid Nikolaievich Andreyev, directed by Alexander Stein  (scenes).

All were played at the Teatrul Central.

Taking into account the work in the collection of National Museum of Art of Romania entitled "Devils", study for costumes design for the play Saul by André Gide”, the present lot represent the costumes for the same play.